My First Chilli Plant

Interested in growing your own chilli? Here is what I learnt when buying my first chilli plant.

6 February 2015

My fiancé and I have recently moved into a new apartment and I decided I wanted to buy him a chilli plant. He has recently discovered his passion for knowing where your food comes from and for using as many home grown and local ingredients as possible in my cooking. He loves spicy food and the plants themselves look quite funky when full of chillies, so I began my search for the perfect variety to buy.

You only have to search chilli plants on Google images to find that there are so many different types of chilli. There are big chillies, little chillies, skinny chillies and fat chillies. They come in a variety of colours red, yellow, orange, green and even dark purple and black.

Multi coloured chillies growing on plant
Then there is the variation in flavour, some chillies warm your tongue, others make your tummy tingle, some that make you feel as if you have swallowed fire and others that will make your head explode! Ok maybe not literally.

So after a little bit of research, based on looks and flavour I have chosen to buy a Hot Basket of Fire. Sounds dangerous if you ask me but I am confident that my partner will love it. These innocent little beauties measure 80,000 shu (Scoville heat units) which is a lot more than the humble Jalapeno which is 2,500-8,000 shu however it is considerably less than standard US grade pepper spray which is 2,000,000 – 5,300,000 shu. My eyes are watering just thinking about that last little fact.

Multi coloured chillies growing on plant

I have scoured the internet for the best tips on caring for my basket of fire and below is consistently what the chilli experts say.

  • Growing in a pot is more likely to be successful.
  • A 20 cm pot is adequate for growing most chilli plants. You can even grow three different varieties in one larger 30 cm pot.
  • Containers with a water-well in the bottom will only need to be watered about once a month. They don’t like to be over watered.
  • Chillies like hot, sunny positions and well-drained soils with lots of organic matter.
  • A moderately fertile soil is good, but be careful not to apply too much rich manure as it will result in lots of foliage, but not many fruit.
  • Avoid frost, they really don’t like that.

Harvesting – this is providing that my chilli survives long enough and loves us enough to produce fruit.

  • The more you harvest chilli fruits the more it will grow new ones.
  • The fruits do not ripen after they have been picked so they need to picked when they are fully ripe.
  • The green fruit has a different flavour to the red ones.
  • Not all chillies are red when they are ripe, some are green, and others are yellow, orange and purple.
  • When chillies are harvested, the chilli juice can be highly irritating to the skin and especially to the eyes, so care needs to be taken. Time to don the latex gloves!
  • If they do burn your skin try rubbing olive oil or yoghurt onto it. Water will have no effect.
  • It is the seed and the soft tissue that surrounds the seed that causes the burning sensation, so in most cooking the seed and the pith is removed, but hardened chilli eaters don’t bother.

I now feel like a chilli plant expert, we will have to wait and see how our first harvest goes.
Happy Growing!


N.B. This article has been written for Australian gardens. If you're reading this from around the world, we do hope you've found it a useful stepping stone for your own further research.

Comments (6)

Drying Chilli's

Chilli's are easy to dry for later use. I have found that the best way to dry ripe Chilli's is to keep a couple of seedling punnet trays, the ones that hold about a dozen punnets and have the drainage slots in the bottom. Place the trays so the air can circulate around the underneath and in a dry place, place your ripe chilli's in them, just turn the chillis every now and then, more frequently when first drying until they are dry. Place the dried Chilli's in an airtight jar and crumble or chop them into your favourite meals while cooking. I have Chilli's that are 5 tears old in glass airtight jars and are still as good as the day I dried them. Cheers, Pete
, 27 August 2015

Cross pollination

I have also grown chillies for many years but have found that by also growing Capsicums nearby that the chillies will eventually be cross pollinated back to Capsicums.This has been very frustrating when I taste them and find NO heat ! So I have a bite while in the garden now to check on the quality. Hot chilli Charlie
, 18 February 2015


Mouth on fire after tasting a chilli? Just drink a glass of milk!
, 17 February 2015


Thanks for the tips on chilli growing. I love the warmth chillis bring to our food, hearts and minds. Cheers...MargF
, 17 February 2015

JUST 1 chilli fruit is all you need.

Started with a chilli 25 years ago, Broke it open scattered it in the garden and have never been without chilli since. I grow them in places in the yard that are unused, Against the fence, in a bessa block retaining wall, just where ever there is a spot that they fancy. I sell at our local food market in Newcastle, and earn a little $. I make chilli jam, tomato-chilli sauce, I use them to spice up my mango chutney, mustard pickles and the evening meal. All this by Starting with 1 fruit. Birds eye /thai are my favourite. That is what my first seeds were. Over the years I have grown others, they cross pollinate and new types have evolved
, 17 February 2015